The Karakoram is a Turkish word which means “Black Rubble”. According to a survey in 1856 Capt. Montgomery a number of peaks in the Baltoro vicinity of the Karakoram from a distance of about 200km, he named all those peaks with prefix “K” for Karakoram K1, K2, and K3.
In 1861 same area was again surveyed by the aid of Col. Godwin Austin and documented this rocky pyramid as K2 as the highest and measured it to be 8619m and then 8611m however the existing official height of K2 stands as 8616m as per the scientific measures made from Concordia in 1987. It is locally called Chogori, which means Great Mountain or “King of Mountains”.
The route to K2 goes through the amazing and historic valley of Shigar and Baltoro Glacier. The world’s greatest temperature region glacier is surrounded by various peaks. The names are given only to most important and highest ones. Nineteen of these mighty peaks in the Baltoro region are over 7600m while four are 8000m. K2 is also known as “Savage Mountain”, it is standing like an elegant tower above Concordia with Godwin Austin Glacier on its feet, it offers an icy pathway towards base camp.
There are various routes on K2 from different angles and directions, all share some key technical challenges. The first rout to climb this magnificent peak is called standard route or Abruzzi Ridge this route is the most used route. K2 was climbed by a group of Italian group on 13 July 1954; the group was led by Ardito Desio and the two climbers who actually climbed the peak. It is to be mentioned that along with the Italian group was a passionate and brave Mahdi who belonged to Hunza Pakistan. He has a great contribution in the success as he carried oxygen cylinders 26,600 feet (8,100 m) for Italian group. The route is followed by rocky terrain, snowy slopes and sheets of ice